What is the Glycemic Index?
The glycemic index or GI describes this difference by ranking carbohydrates according to their effect on our blood glucose levels.
Why choose Low Glycemic Foods:
-improved blood sugar (glucose) control and lipid levels in individuals with diabetes
-better weight control because these foods reduce the appetite and delay hunger
-reduction of insulin levels and fewer spikes of insulin
-a lower incidence of heart disease
-a lower risk of developing Type 2 diabetes
Foods that range in the low glycemic index will slowly rise blood sugar, instead of creating a rapid spike that will stress the pancreas in producing a lot of insulin. This means your body starts to digest the food and breaks it into sugar more slowly and evenly than with other foods. Recall that the glycemic index is a scale from 0 to 100. Low glycemic index foods have a score less than 55. Food with high healthy fat & high fiber content tend to have a lower Glycemic index.